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Prepared by Daniel J. Brouillette
Florida Climate Center
The Florida State University
Tallahassee, FL

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Mean temperatures in November ranged from much above normal on the Keys to somewhat above normal on the peninsula to somewhat below normal on the panhandle (Table 1 and Appendix 1). It was the second-warmest November at Key West. Several high temperature records were tied or broken across the state (Appendix 2).

Table 1. November average temperatures and departures from normal (˚F) for selected cities.

Station Mean Temperature Departure from Normal
Pensacola 59.1 -1.6
Tallahassee 59.2 -1.0
Jacksonville 63.3 +0.9
Orlando 69.8 +1.3
Tampa 70.7 +1.6
Miami 75.8 +0.8
Key West 79.8 +4.0  


Rainfall totals in November were above normal in north and parts of central Florida and near to below normal south of those areas (Figure 1). (Table 3).

Table 2. November precipitation totals and departures from normal (inches) for selected cities.

Station Total Rainfall Departure from Normal
Pensacola 5.62 +0.89
Tallahassee 5.28 +1.78
Jacksonville 5.21 +3.00
Orlando 2.21 +0.04
Tampa 0.63 -0.92
Miami 2.77 -0.50
Key West 1.21 -1.09 


Table 3. Select daily rainfall records (inches) broken during November. (Compiled from NOAA, NWS)

(none to report)


Figure 1. A graphical depiction of the monthly rainfall departure from normal (inches) for November is given in the figure below (courtesy of NOAA, NWS).

Figure 1.  A graphical depiction of the monthly rainfall departure from normal (inches) for November is given in the figure below (courtesy of NOAA, NWS).


ENSO-neutral conditions are present in the Pacific, with El Niño to develop.

Based on current data and forecast models, forecasters with the Climate Prediction Center (CPC) continue with an El Niño Watch. ENSO-neutral conditions currently are present, with sea-surface temperatures (SST) above average across the equatorial Pacific Ocean. El Niño is expected to develop, continuing through boreal winter (~80% chance) and possibly into the boreal spring (55-60% chance). The CPC seasonal outlook favors above-normal temperatures statewide and above-normal rainfall statewide, especially on the panhandle, in December 2018.


Hazardous Weather Events in November.

According the Local Storm Reports (LSRs) issued by the local National Weather Service (NWS) offices serving Florida, 92 instances of hazardous weather were reported across the state in November 2018.


Table 4. Breakdown of storm reports submitted in Florida during the month of November. (Compiled from Iowa State University/Iowa Environmental Mesonet.)

Report Type Number of Reports
Storm Damage 12
High Winds 44
Dense Fog 6
Hail 2
Tornadoes/Funnel Clouds/Waterspouts 18
Heavy Rain 9
Fire 1
Flooding 0 (excluding storm surge/coastal)
Lightning 1
Heat 0
Coastal Hazards/Rip Currents 0


Drought-Related Impacts

At the end of November, according to the U.S. Drought Monitor, abnormally dry conditions were present over much of the eastern half of the peninsula, with moderate-drought conditions found in the far northeast, along the central Atlantic coast, and on the west side of Lake Okeechobee. However, it is noted that November begins the dry season on the peninsula.

As of 3 December, the Lake Okeechobee water level was at 13.03 ft. above sea level, which is a bit below average for this time of the year.


drought monitor


Agriculture-Related Impacts.

At the end of November, top-soil moisture was adequate over half the state, short or very short over about one-third, and at surplus over the balance. The first frost or freeze had occurred during the month as far south as north-central Florida. Citrus harvest was underway, but progress was behind what is was last year at this time. Pasture quality was seeing decline late in the month in the north because of cool, wet conditions and in the south because of drier conditions. Nonetheless, cattle condition remained good. Frequent rain in the panhandle hindered the cotton harvest. Most peanuts have been harvested, but some remained in Jackson and Holmes counties at the end of the month.


Appendix 1
Additional November Departures from Normal Data for Florida Locations

Station Total rainfall (in.) Departure from Normal (in.) Average Temperature (˚F) Departure from Normal (˚F)
Gainesville 2.81 +0.75 64.2 +1.5
Melbourne 1.16 -1.72 71.4 +2.4
Fort Lauderdale 2.60 -0.64 75.9 +0.4
Fort Myers 1.50 -0.46 73.1 +1.5


Appendix 2
Select daily maximum and minimum temperature records (oF) tied or broken during November.
(Compiled from NOAA, NWS)

Date Station Type Value Broken/Tied Last
6 Jacksonville Max 88 Broken 86 in 2003
13 Jacksonville Max 87 Broken 86 in 1889
14 Orlando Max 88 Tied 88 in 2008
14 Orlando High Min 71 Broken 70 in 2008
13 Tampa High Min 75 Broken 74 in 2008
14 Tampa High Min 73 Tied 73 in 2008
4 Key West Max 88 Broken 87 in 2015
6 Key West Max 88 Tied 88 in 1880
8 Key West Max 87 Tied 87 in 1955
10 Key West Max 87 Tied 87 in 1987
12 Key West High Min 80 Tied 80 in 2002
14 Key West Max 87 Broken 86 in 1949
14 Key West High Min 81* Broken 79 in 1993
26 Key West High Min 78 Tied 78 in 1986


*This value ties the all-time highest minimum temperature ever recorded at Key West for the month of November (records back to 1872); the last occurrence was on 9 November 2015.

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