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Prepared by Florida Climate Center
The Florida State University
Tallahassee, FL

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Summary:

  • Average monthly temperatures continued to be above normal in June.
  • Monthly precipitation totals were below normal in North Florida and the Panhandle and above normal in South Florida.
  • Drought was removed in South Florida by mid-June following heavy rainfall; drought developed in North Florida by the end of the month. As of June 25, 25% of the state was in moderate drought (D1) and 41% was abnormally dry (D0), according to the U.S. Drought Monitor.
  • ENSO-neutral conditions are currently present in the equatorial Pacific Ocean; a transition to La Niña conditions is expected during July-September (65% chance).
  • Hurricane Beryl became the strongest hurricane on record in the Atlantic Basin during June, and it is the earliest Category 5 hurricane on record to form in the main development region of the tropical Atlantic Ocean.

 

Average monthly temperatures in June continued to be above normal. Average monthly temperature departures from normal ranged from -0.2 ̊F in Pensacola to +3.4 ̊F in Tallahassee for the month (see Table 1 and Appendix 1 for select cities). It was the warmest June on record in Tampa Bay (38 years), Plant City (121 years), and Punta Gorda (102 years). Several other locations recorded one of their top five warmest Junes on record, including Tallahassee, Apalachicola, Daytona Beach, Orlando, Leesburg, Tampa, Naples, Sarasota, and Melbourne. Much above normal temperatures were experienced during the first week of June, with maximum temperatures reaching 100-101 ̊F in central Florida, which was 9-12 ̊ F above normal. North Florida experienced triple-digit temperatures later in the month from Crestview to Jacksonville. Select daily high maximum temperature records tied or broken during the month are provided in Appendix 2.

Table 1. June average temperatures and departures from normal ( ̊F) for selected cities.

Station Mean Temperature Departure from Normal
Pensacola 81.5 -0.2
Tallahassee 84.2 +3.4
Jacksonville 82.6 +2.3
Orlando 83.3 +2.1
Tampa 84.1 +1.2
Miami 83.1 +0.3
Key West 84.2 +0.1 

 

Monthly rainfall totals in June were below normal in North Florida and the Panhandle and above normal across South Florida. The monthly precipitation departures from normal ranged from -3.85 inches in Tallahassee to +12.62 inches in Fort Myers (see Table 2 and Appendix 1 for select locations). The month began with moderate to severe drought affecting central and southern Florida. However, a system known as Invest 90L brought warm tropical moisture into the state and produced bands of heavy rainfall during June 11-14 across central and southern Florida, leading to drought improvement across the region. Locations affected by the system experienced well-above normal rainfall for the month. June 2024 became the wettest June on record in Fort Myers (120 years), 2nd-wettest in Fort Lauderdale (27 years) and Naples (23 years), 3rd-wettest in Sarasota (111 years), and 8th-wettest in Miami (88 years).

Station Total Rainfall Departure from Normal
Pensacola 8.45 +1.13
Tallahassee 3.91 -3.85
Jacksonville 4.29 -3.31
Orlando 6.37 -1.68
Tampa 11.91 +4.54
Miami 17.34 +6.83
Key West 8.47 +4.24 

 

Figure 1. A graphical depiction of the monthly rainfall departure from normal (inches) for June (courtesy of NOAA, NWS).

Figure 1.  A graphical depiction of the monthly rainfall departure from normal (inches) for June (courtesy of NOAA, NWS).

 

La Niña Watch.

El Niño conditions, the warm phase of the El Niño Southern Oscillation climate pattern in the tropical equatorial Pacific Ocean, have ended. ENSO-neutral conditions returned over the past month. The coupled ocean-atmosphere system currently reflects ENSO-neutral conditions. Near to below average sea surface temperatures expanded across the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean, and upper level winds were near average. La Niña conditions are expected to emerge during July-September 2024 (65% chance) and are expected to persist into the Northern Hemisphere winter (85% during November-January).

 

Hazardous Weather Events in June.

According to the Local Storm Reports issued by the local National Weather Service offices serving Florida, there were 269 individual local reports of hazardous weather events recorded across the state during the month of June (see Table 4 for a breakdown by event type). Heavy rainfall led to multiple occasions of flooded roadways during the month, stranding vehicles, closing roadways, and leading to water rescues. Lightning strikes led to two fatalities, and rip currents led to 8 additional fatalities this month.

Table 3. Breakdown of storm reports submitted in Florida during the month of June (compiled from Iowa State University/Iowa Environmental Mesonet).

Report Type Number of Reports
Heavy Rain 44
Flood 15
Flash Flood 30
Coastal Flood 0
Hail 8
Marine Thunderstorm Wind 17
Non-Thunderstorm Wind Gust 29
Non-Thunderstorm Wind Damage 0
Tornado/Waterspout/Funnel Cloud 5/12/6
Thunderstorm Wind Damage 26
Thunderstorm Wind Gust 68
Rip Currents 5
Lightning 3
Wildfire 1

 

Daily Record Events in June.

Table 4. Summary of daily records broken or set in Florida in June (source: NCEI Daily Weather Records).

Category Number of Records
Highest daily max. temp. 66
Highest daily min. temp. 96
Lowest daily max. temp. 5
Lowest daily min. temp. 0
Highest daily precipitation 37
Total 204

 

Weather/Climate Highlights of the Month: Heavy Rainfall Event in South Florida June 11 – 14 from Invest 90L.

On June 11-13, Invest 90L tracked across the Peninsula, bringing warm tropical moisture and multiple rounds of heavy rainfall to the state. Some locations received well over a foot of rain from the system, causing extensive flooding. Figure 2 shows the 3-day observed rainfall totals across South Florida from June 11- 14, from the National Water Prediction Service. The heaviest rainfall fell as two bullseyes over southwest and coastal southeastern areas. The 72-hour storm totals, ending Friday June 14, exceeded 20 inches in several locations, including Hallandale in Broward County with 20.65 inches, the Big Cypress NR Everglades station in Collier County with 27.95 inches, and the Miami Shores station in Miami-Dade County with 21.66 inches, according to reports from the Weather Service Office in Miami.

Several hourly and daily rainfall records were broken. The Sarasota-Bradenton Airport reported an all-time one-hour rainfall record of 3.93 inches on June 11. The airport also observed a new daily rainfall record of 6.47 inches that day, which surpassed the previous record of 2.50 inches set in 1940. On June 11 and 12, Fort Lauderdale reported back-to-back new daily records of 3.30 inches and 9.54 inches, respectively, surpassing the previous daily records of 3.10 inches in 1947 and 5.47 inches in 1978, respectively. The Miami International Airport reported its second-highest daily precipitation on record with 6.25 inches on the 12th; the record for this day is 8.25 inches set in 1901.

Figure 2. The 3-day observed rainfall totals in South Florida from June 11 – 14, 2024. Source: National Water Prediction Service.

Heavy Rainfall June 2024

 

Drought-Related Impacts.

While June started out very dry across South Florida, heavy rainfall in the region and the beginning of the rainy season led to drought removal by mid-month. Conversely, areas further to the north experienced drying conditions during the month. By mid-June, 0.39% of the state was experiencing severe drought (D2) conditions, 2.34% of the state was in moderate drought (D1), and 52% of the state was abnormally dry (D0), according to the U.S. Drought Monitor. By the end of the month, 25% of the state was in moderate drought (D1) and 41% was abnormally dry (D0) (Figure 3 below).

As of June 30, the Lake Okeechobee water level was 13.45 ft. above sea level (Feet-NGVD29), which is about average for this time of year. At the first of the month, the water level was below average at 12.91 ft. above sea level.

 

Figure 3. A graphical depiction of the latest drought conditions in Florida according to the U.S. Drought Monitor (courtesy of the National Drought Mitigation Center, University of Nebraska-Lincoln).

drought monitor

 

Agriculture-Related Impacts.

In mid-June, topsoil moisture conditions were adequate in 43% of the state, short in 19%, and very short in 11% of the state, while 27% of the state had surplus topsoil moisture conditions. By the end of June, topsoil moisture conditions were adequate in 74% of the state, short in 13%, and very short in 4% of the state; 9% of the state was in surplus conditions. For more information, consult the Crop Progress and Conditions report, which is published by the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

 

Appendix 1
Additional June departures from normal data for select Florida locations (Source: NWS).

Station Average Temperature (˚F) Departure from Normal (˚F) Total Rainfall (in.) Departure from Normal (in.)
Gainesville 81.7 +1.8 6.29 -0.64
Sarasota 83.1 +1.3 16.88 +9.83
Naples 83.4 +1.3 16.98 +9.48
Fort Myers 83.6 +1.3 22.28 +12.62
West Palm Beach 82.9 +1.2 9.84 +1.36

 

Appendix 2
Select daily record high maximum temperatures (°F) tied or broken during June (compiled from NOAA).

Location Date Record Broken/Tied Last
Fort Lauderdale Beach 1 98 Broken 90 in 2022
Tampa Bay 2 96 Broken 94 in 1986
Tampa Bay 4 98 Broken 95 in 2016
Fort Myers 5 98 Tied 98 in 1985
Plant City 6 103 Broken 100 in 1985
Raccoon Point 6 100 Broken 99 in 2006
Key West 6 94 Broken 92 in 2022
Orlando 6 101 Broken 96 in 2000
Lakeland 6 100 Broken 99 in 1985
Jacksonville 6 101 Broken 98 in 1998
Clermont 7 102 Broken 99 in 2021
Deland 7 100 Tied 100 in 1933
Kissimmee 7 101 Broken 99 in 1999
Plant City 7 103 Broken 99 in 1985
Orlando 7 96 Broken 94 in 2022
Bradenton 8 97 Broken 96 in 1993
Clermont 8 100 Broken 97 in 2022
Lisbon 8 98 Broken 96 in 1985
Clermont 9 100 Broken 98 in 2021
Fort Lauderdale Beach 9 96 Broken 91 in 2019
Kissimmee 9 101 Broken 95 in 2014
Jacksonville 9 102 Broken 100 in 2007
Fort Pierce 11 96 Broken 94 in 1990
Tampa Bay 14 96 Broken 95 in 2022
Pensacola 15 98 Broken 97 in 2011
Naples 20 98 Broken 96 in 1964
Jacksonville 23 100 Tied 100 in 2022
Chipley 24 100 Tied 100 in 2022
Marianna 25 101 Broken 100 in 2010
Tallahassee 25 101 Tied 101 in 1988
Key West 30 96 Broken 94 in 2022

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