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Intergovernment Panel on Climate Change Statement
What does the new IPCC report mean to Florida?
Image courtesy of Weather Underground
The United Nations sponsored Intergovernment Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) issued the "Summary for Policy Makers" for its latest climate change assessment on Friday, September 27th. The IPCC was formed in 1988 and has compiled these assessments, or state of climate change science reports, every 5-6 years since then. The full report will be released in three parts and consist of thousands of pages of research and experiments compiled from hundreds of climate scientist from around the world.
The headline of this year's assessment from the summary for policy makers is that it is now extremely likely (95% confidence) that human activity and the release of greenhouse gases is responsible for more than half the observed warming in global temperatures. This is an even greater confidence than the last report in 2007, where it was deemed very likely, or 90% confidence. The summary for policy makers also contains statements on how increasing greenhouse gas concentrations may be affecting other aspects of climate like droughts, extreme events, hurricanes, sea level rise, and snow and ice cover. State Climatologist David Zierden reviews the findings of the IPCC summary for policy makers and compares that with observations and climate patterns in the State of Florida in this brief report below.
Download report in PDF format or read the report below
The Florida Climate Center is part of three-tiered system that serves to provide climate data, information, and services for the United States. Affiliated with the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) in Asheville, NC and the Southeast Regional Climate Center (SERCC) in Columbia, SC, the Florida Climate Center should be the first stop for climate data and information for citizens, organizations, educational institutions and private businesses in the state of Florida. We seek to serve the state of Florida by providing:
- Climate Data:
Historical weather observations for weather stations throughout the state of Florida. We are able to provide data for most stations from 1948-present.
- Climate Information:
Long-term historical averages for various stations, climate divisions, and the entire state.
- Extreme Events:
Information and analyses on extreme events such as storms, freezes, droughts, floods and hurricanes.
- Special Analysis:
With his vast knowledge of El Niño, La Niña and climate variability, the State Climatologist and staff can offer expert insight into Florida's climate trends.
Inform and educate the people of Florida about current and emerging climate issues.
The Florida Climate Center is housed at Florida State University's Center for Ocean-Atmospheric Prediction Studies. Located off campus in the Robert M. Johnson Building in Innovation Park, the Florida Climate Center maintains archives of original cooperative station observations dating back to the early 1900's along with Division of Forestry rainfall records and NCDC publications.
The Florida Climate Center is part of a three-tiered system providing climate services at the national, regional and state levels.
(850) 644-3417 phone
(850) 644-4841 fax
My research directly involves my role as state climatologist for Florida. The Florida Climate Center is the leading authority on climate variability in Florida, particularly as related to ENSO. The climate Center is involved with the Southeast Climate Consortium, one of the Regional Integrated Science and Assessment (RISA) teams funded by NOAA's Office of Global Programs. Through this involvement, we conduct research into downscaled and localized climate forecasts and their application to the sectors of agriculture, forestry, and water resources. Recent expansion of the consortium now includes the State Climate Offices of Georgia and Alabama, as well as agriculturist, hydrologists, and social scientists from the University of Florida, University of Miami, University of Georgia, University of Alabama Huntsville, and Auburn University. The Southeast Climate Consortium now receives additional funding through USDA and USDA Risk Management Agency.
An example of the climate information products developed by Florida Climate Center is a method of forecasting wildfire threat based on the Keetch-Byram Drought Index (KBDI). The experimental forecast expresses wildfire threat in probabilistic terms and is used by the Florida Division of Forestry for planning management strategies and allocation of resources. This year the wildfire threat forecast was expanded include the states of Georgia and Alabama. These results were presented at the National Seasonal Assessment Workshop, Eastern and Southern States in January of 2006. The KBDI forecast for the Southeast was included as guidance in the final report.
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